Introduction and Facilities Medical Intensive Care

Facilities

The Intensive Care Unit of BAGH is a state-of-the-art centre that responds to needs of critically ill patients.
The BAGH Intensive Care unit is the largest of its kind, in Baroda. This ICU is multi-disciplinary; in the sense that it responds to complications related to disease as well as trauma.
With a capacity of 16 beds, the MICU maintains a   1 : 1 patient: nurse ratio.
Protocolised treatment procedures ensure a high quality of medical care that directly impacts treatment outcomes. 
Affiliated infection control protocols are stringently followed, so as to prevent the possibility of Hospital Acquired Infections.
Ultra-modern monitoring systems and ventilators, bed-side Haemodialysis machines, SLED for the critically ill, 24 X 7 Radiology and Laboratory assistance – all contribute towards maximizing the quality of response.
The hospital offers a rigorous Nurse Education Programme that orients and sensitizes the ICU nursing staff towards the needs of an ICU environment.
BAGH also hosts an annual Critical Care Meet for clinicians, an event where the latest advances in Critical Care medicine are shared in an open forum.

Origins of ICU

The ICU's roots can be traced back to the Monitoring Unit of critical patients through nurse Florence Nightingale. The Crimean War began in 1854 when Britain, France and Turkey declared war on Russia. Because of the lack of critical care and the high rate of infection, there was a high mortality rate of hospitalised soldiers, reaching as high as 40% of the deaths recorded during the war. Nightingale and 38 other volunteers had to leave for the Fields of Scurati, and took their "critical care protocol" with them.

Upon arriving, and practicing, the mortality rate fell to 2%.

Nightingale contracted typhoid, and returned in 1856 from the war. A school of nursing dedicated to her was formed in 1859 in England. The school was recognised for its professional value and technical calibre, receiving prizes throughout the British government. The school of nursing was established in Saint Thomas Hospital, as a one year course, and was given to doctors. It used theoretical and practical lessons, as opposed to purely academic lessons. Nightingale's work, and the school, paved the way for intensive care medicine.

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